- May 1 -

Maharashtra Day - India

Maharashtra Day, commonly known as  Maharashtra Diwas in Marathi  is a state holiday in Maharashtra, India commemorating the formation of the state of Maharashtra from the division of the Bombay State on 1 May 1960. Maharashtra Day is commonly associated with parades and political speeches...

Maharashtra Day - India

Maharashtra Day, commonly known as Maharashtra Diwas in Marathi is a state holiday in Maharashtra, India commemorating the formation of the state of Maharashtra from the division of the Bombay State on 1 May 1960. Maharashtra Day is commonly associated with parades and political speeches and ceremonies, in addition to various other public and private events celebrating the history and traditions of Maharashtra.

On this day the state of Maharashtra attained statehood. Maharashtra is one of the largest states in India, both in terms of population and area. Its booming capital Mumbai, makes it not only one of the most important states, economically, but also a major gateway for overseas visitors.

History
When India became an Independent State in1947, Bombay in Western India, was a separate state with the areas in the existing Maharashtra and Gujarat states. In 1950s Samyukta Maharshtra Samiti (SMS) spearheaded the demand for creation of a separate Marathi speaking state out of the then bilingual State of Bombay. The demand was in line with the pledge, the Indian National Congress had taken for linguistic states prior to Independence. However after the Independence, Nehru adamantly opposed to linguistic states. Though Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka came into formation in 1950, the Central Government was not paying any heed to popular demand for creation of Maharashtra on the same line.

Tired of the adamant attitude of the then Government at the Center, people at last decided to fight against it. The government used force to suppress the demand. More than hundred people were killed when the police opened fire at Flora Fountain in Mumbai. Samyukta Maharshtra Samiti (SMS) achieved its goal when the state, with Mumbai as its capital, was formed on 1st May, 1960, under the Bombay Re-Organization Act. It is to commemorate this tragic incident that Flora Fountain is renamed since then as Hutatma Smarak.

However Goa (then a Portages Colony), Belgaum, Karwar and adjoining areas, part of the Maharashtra State envisioned by the Samiti, were not included in the newly formed state. Even to this day Belgaum district with a majority of Marathi speaking people is an active dispute with a petition by the Maharashtra government pending in Supreme Court.

Customs
In Mumbai, the Maharashtra Day celebrations are held at the Shivaji Park in central Mumbai. The governor of the state takes salute from an impressive parade at the ceremony. The armed services lining the parade route include members from State Reserve Police Force (SRPF), Brihanmumbai Commando Force, Home Guards, Civil Defense, Fire Brigade and City Police. Along with the state capital, the guardian ministers of respective districts hoist the Tri-Colour at the district headquarters early in the morning to commemorate the Day and pay tributes to the martyrs. On this occasion several distinguished individuals are also honored for their contribution. Illustrious teachers, police officials, sportsmen, doctors are congratulated for their effective roles in their respective fields.

Every year the Government of Maharashtra issues a notification declaring 1 May to be a public holiday to be celebrated as Maharashtra Day.
Every year a parade is held at Shivaji Park where the Governor of Maharashtra makes a speech.
Liquor sales are prohibited on this day across Maharashtra.

Source:
http://www.aryabhatt.com/fast_fair_festival/Festivals/Maharashtra%20Day.htm
http://www.ummid.com/maharashtra_day_special/maharashtra_day_facts.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maharashtra_Day

Categories:

More holidays on this day:

May Day
International Workers' Day
Lei Day
Save the Rhino Day
Global Love Day

You may also like...

Interesting events from History category.

Anzac Day

Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand that broadly commemorates all Australians and New Zealanders "who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations" and "the contribution and suffering of all those who have served."Originally 25 April every...

Algeria Independence Day

July 5 is celebrated in Algeria as Independence Day, in remembrance of actual independence from France in 1962. After being taken by the French in 1830, Algeria remained under France’s control for 132 years. History Historical evidences state that since 10,000 BC, Berbers...

Victory over Japan Day

Victory over Japan Day (also known as Victory in the Pacific Day, V-J Day, or V-P Day) is a name chosen for the day on which Japan surrendered, effectively ending World War II, and subsequent anniversaries of that event. The term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial...

Dream Day Quest and Jubilee

'I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal'...I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their...

Guy Fawkes Day

Guy Fawkes (13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606), also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish in the Low Countries, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Fawkes was born and educated in York. His...

Dissolution of Soviet Union Declared

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was formally dissolved on December 25, 1991. This left all fifteen republics of the Soviet Union as independent sovereign states. The dissolution of the world's first and largest Communist state also marked an end to the Cold War. In order to revive...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet