- May 1 -

Maharashtra Day - India

Maharashtra Day, commonly known as  Maharashtra Diwas in Marathi  is a state holiday in Maharashtra, India commemorating the formation of the state of Maharashtra from the division of the Bombay State on 1 May 1960. Maharashtra Day is commonly associated with parades and political speeches...

Maharashtra Day - India

Maharashtra Day, commonly known as Maharashtra Diwas in Marathi is a state holiday in Maharashtra, India commemorating the formation of the state of Maharashtra from the division of the Bombay State on 1 May 1960. Maharashtra Day is commonly associated with parades and political speeches and ceremonies, in addition to various other public and private events celebrating the history and traditions of Maharashtra.

On this day the state of Maharashtra attained statehood. Maharashtra is one of the largest states in India, both in terms of population and area. Its booming capital Mumbai, makes it not only one of the most important states, economically, but also a major gateway for overseas visitors.

History
When India became an Independent State in1947, Bombay in Western India, was a separate state with the areas in the existing Maharashtra and Gujarat states. In 1950s Samyukta Maharshtra Samiti (SMS) spearheaded the demand for creation of a separate Marathi speaking state out of the then bilingual State of Bombay. The demand was in line with the pledge, the Indian National Congress had taken for linguistic states prior to Independence. However after the Independence, Nehru adamantly opposed to linguistic states. Though Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka came into formation in 1950, the Central Government was not paying any heed to popular demand for creation of Maharashtra on the same line.

Tired of the adamant attitude of the then Government at the Center, people at last decided to fight against it. The government used force to suppress the demand. More than hundred people were killed when the police opened fire at Flora Fountain in Mumbai. Samyukta Maharshtra Samiti (SMS) achieved its goal when the state, with Mumbai as its capital, was formed on 1st May, 1960, under the Bombay Re-Organization Act. It is to commemorate this tragic incident that Flora Fountain is renamed since then as Hutatma Smarak.

However Goa (then a Portages Colony), Belgaum, Karwar and adjoining areas, part of the Maharashtra State envisioned by the Samiti, were not included in the newly formed state. Even to this day Belgaum district with a majority of Marathi speaking people is an active dispute with a petition by the Maharashtra government pending in Supreme Court.

Customs
In Mumbai, the Maharashtra Day celebrations are held at the Shivaji Park in central Mumbai. The governor of the state takes salute from an impressive parade at the ceremony. The armed services lining the parade route include members from State Reserve Police Force (SRPF), Brihanmumbai Commando Force, Home Guards, Civil Defense, Fire Brigade and City Police. Along with the state capital, the guardian ministers of respective districts hoist the Tri-Colour at the district headquarters early in the morning to commemorate the Day and pay tributes to the martyrs. On this occasion several distinguished individuals are also honored for their contribution. Illustrious teachers, police officials, sportsmen, doctors are congratulated for their effective roles in their respective fields.

Every year the Government of Maharashtra issues a notification declaring 1 May to be a public holiday to be celebrated as Maharashtra Day.
Every year a parade is held at Shivaji Park where the Governor of Maharashtra makes a speech.
Liquor sales are prohibited on this day across Maharashtra.

Source:
http://www.aryabhatt.com/fast_fair_festival/Festivals/Maharashtra%20Day.htm
http://www.ummid.com/maharashtra_day_special/maharashtra_day_facts.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maharashtra_Day

Categories:

More holidays on this day:

May Day
International Workers' Day
Lei Day
Save the Rhino Day
Global Love Day

You may also like...

Interesting events from History category.

Old Rock Day

This day is completely dedicated to collect different rocks. To make this day more exciting, you can go on a small adventurous trip to hunt for old fossils and rocks or you can simply do different things with rocks at home. Every year on January 7th, people are encouraged to go and dig in their...

Aruba's National Flag and Anthem Day

The Flag of Aruba was officially adopted on March 18th 1976, along with the official anthem "Aruba Dushi Tera" composed by Padu del Caribe , Hubert Booi and Rufo Wever. The design of the flag consists of a field of light blue (called "Larkspur" or "U.N. blue"), two narrow parallel horizontal yellow...

Chauvin Day

A day named for Nicholas Chauvin, French soldier from Rochefort, France, who idolized Napoleon and who eventually became a subject of ridicule because of his blind loyalty and dedication to anything French. Originally referring to bellicose patriotism, chauvinism has come to mean blind or absurdly...

Saint Stephen's Day

St. Stephen's Day is celebrated in Hungary on the 20th of August each year. It is also known as Foundation Day, Constitution Day, National Day and the 'Day Of The New Bread'. St. Stephen of Hungary (Szent István király) was the first king of Hungary and he laid the foundation of the state...

Women's Equality Day

Women's Equality Day is a day proclaimed each year by the United States President to commemorate the granting of the vote to women throughout the country on an equal basis with men. Women in the United States were granted the right to vote on August 26, 1920, when the 19th Amendment to the United...

Cities for Life Day

On the Cities for Life Day, November 30, cities around the world celebrate the first abolition of the death penalty by a European state, decreed by Peter Leopold Joseph of Habsburg-Lorraine in 1786 for his Grand Duchy of Tuscany. On this occasion the participating cities show their commitment for...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet