- February 11 -

Foundation Day in Japan

National Foundation Day is a national holiday in Japan celebrated annually on February 11, celebrating the foundation of Japan and the accession of its first Emperor, Emperor Jimmu. 
 The origin of National Foundation Day is New Year's Day in the traditional lunisolar calendar. On that day,...

Foundation Day in Japan

National Foundation Day is a national holiday in Japan celebrated annually on February 11, celebrating the foundation of Japan and the accession of its first Emperor, Emperor Jimmu.

The origin of National Foundation Day is New Year's Day in the traditional lunisolar calendar. On that day, the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu was celebrated based on Nihonshoki, which states that Emperor Jimmu ascended to the throne on the first day of the first month.
In the Meiji period, the Japanese government designated the day as a national holiday. This coincided with the switch from the lunisolar calendar to the Gregorian calendar in 1873. In 1872, when the holiday was originally proclaimed,it was January 29 of the Gregorian calendar, which corresponded to Lunar New Year of 1873. Contrary to the government's expectation, this led people to see the day as just Lunar New Year, instead of National Foundation Day. In response, the government moved the holiday to February 11 of the Gregorian calendar in 1873. The government stated that it corresponded to Emperor Jimmu's regnal day but did not publish the exact method of computation.
In its original form, the holiday was named Empire Day . It is thought that the Meiji Emperor may have wanted to establish this holiday to bolster the legitimacy of the imperial family following the abolition of the Tokugawa Shogunate. The national holiday was supported by those who believed that focusing national attention on the emperor would serve a unifying purpose.Publicly linking his rule with the mythical first emperor, Jimmu, and thus Amaterasu, the Meiji Emperor declared himself the one, true ruler of Japan.
With large parades and festivals, in its time, Kigensetsu was considered one of the four major holidays of Japan.
Given its reliance on Shintoism and its reinforcement of the Japanese nobility, Kigensetsu was abolished following World War II. Ironically, February 11 was also the day when General MacArthur approved the draft version of the model Constitution in 1946.
The commemorative holiday was re-established as National Foundation Day in 1966. Though stripped of most of its overt references to the Emperor, National Foundation Day was still a day for expressing patriotism and love of the nation in the 1950s.

In contrast with the events associated with earlier Kigensetsu, celebrations for National Foundation Day are relatively muted. Customs include the raising of Japanese flags and reflection on the meaning of Japanese citizenship. The holiday is still relatively controversial however, and very overt expressions of nationalism or even patriotism are rare.

Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Foundation_Day

Categories:

More holidays on this day:

Make a Friend Day
World Day of the Sick
Iranian Revolution

You may also like...

Interesting events from History category.

Festa della Repubblica - Italian Republic Day

Festa della Repubblica (in English, Republic Day) is the Italian National Day, which is celebrated on the 2nd of June each year. The day commemorates the institutional referendum held by universal suffrage in 1946, in which the Italian people were called to the polls to decide on the form of...

Belgian National Day

Belgium is an ancient and yet still young nation. Belgians were first mentioned about 2,000 years ago (by Julius Caesar in his book on the Gallic Wars). Nevertheless, Belgium was for centuries part of a larger state structure. The independant State of Belgium was born on October 4, 1830.

Revolution Day (Egypt)

Public holiday celebrated in Egypt to commemorate the military coup of July 23, 1952, that led to the end of the monarchy and the establishment of an independent republic. Annual celebrations marking the Revolution begin on the preceding evening, as the evening of 22 July 1952 was when...

Peru's Independence Day - Fiestas Patrias

The Fiestas Patrias peruanas, or Peruvian National Holidays, are celebrations of Peru's independence from the Spanish Empire. They officially consist of three days: - June 24 is celebrated as Countrymans day - July 28, in commemoration of Peru's independence won by José de San...

International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition

The night of 22 to 23 August 1791, in Santo Domingo (today Haiti and the Dominican Republic) saw the beginning of the uprising that would play a crucial role in the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade. International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition is intended...

Dissolution of Soviet Union Declared

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was formally dissolved on December 25, 1991. This left all fifteen republics of the Soviet Union as independent sovereign states. The dissolution of the world's first and largest Communist state also marked an end to the Cold War. In order to revive...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet