- August 1 -

Swiss National Day

The Swiss National Day (German: Schweizer Bundesfeier; French: Fete nationale Suisse; Italian: Festa nazionale svizzera; Romansh: Fiasta naziunala Svizra) is the national holiday of Switzerland, set on 1 August. It is an official national holiday since 1994, although the day had been suggested for...

Swiss National Day

The Swiss National Day (German: Schweizer Bundesfeier; French: Fete nationale Suisse; Italian: Festa nazionale svizzera; Romansh: Fiasta naziunala Svizra) is the national holiday of Switzerland, set on 1 August. It is an official national holiday since 1994, although the day had been suggested for the celebration of the foundation of the Swiss Confederacy as early as 1889.
The date is inspired by the date of the Federal Charter of 1291, placed in "early August", when "three Alpine cantons swore the oath of confederation, an action which later came to be regarded as the foundation of Switzerland."

The official date of birth of the Old Swiss Confederation is August, 1st 1291. This date can be found on a document of alliance whose age of more than 700 years has been confirmed by radionuclear (C14) analysis recently. It all began with a new transalpine trading route and with three small valleys in central Switzerland that had remained outside the focus of the dukes and kings for a long time.

From the 11th to the 13th centuries, many cities (among them the federal capital Berne, Lucerne, and Fribourg) were founded. Skilled craftsmen specialized in producing high quality goods and trade became more important in a society in which farmers had used to be self-suppliers for centuries. Trade gave also more importance to roads crossing the Alps, a mountain chain with peaks of up to 4000 m (12000 ft) separating central Europe from Italy and the Mediterranean Sea.
At the same time, people from the upper part of Wallis (Rhone valley) developed means to suspend wooden water pipes and catwalks in steep rocks. Some of these people from Wallis wandered east and settled in upper Uri and Graubünden (Grisons) around A.D. 1200. So the Schöllenen canyon in Uri, that had blocked the way from Lake Lucerne to St. Gotthard pass, was overcome by the new technology and a new trade route developed.
Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swiss_National_Day
http://history-switzerland.geschichte-schweiz.ch/old-swiss-confederacy-1291.html

Categories:

More holidays on this day:

World Wide Web Day
World Breastfeeding Day
World Scout Scarf Day

You may also like...

Interesting events from History category.

Yom Ha'atzmaut - Israel Independence Day

Yom Ha'atzmaut ("Independence Day") is the national day of Israel, commemorating the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948. It is celebrated on 5th of Iyar according to the Hebrew calendar. Yom Ha'atzmaut is preceded by Yom Hazikaron, the Israeli Fallen Soldiers and Victims of...

Feast Day of Joan of Arc

The Feast Day of Joan of Arc is celebrated on May 30th every year which is the anniversary of her death by burning in the old square of Rouen on May 30, 1431. Twenty-five years after her execution, an inquisitorial court authorized by the Pope examined the trial, pronounced her innocent, and...

Soweto Uprising - Youth Day

June 16th is a public holiday in South Africa commemorating the start of the Soweto Riots of 1976, sparked off by a government edict that all instruction in black schools would be delivered in Afrikaans. The Soweto Uprising, also known as Youth Day, is a series of protests led by high...

Algeria Independence Day

July 5 is celebrated in Algeria as Independence Day, in remembrance of actual independence from France in 1962. After being taken by the French in 1830, Algeria remained under France’s control for 132 years. History Historical evidences state that since 10,000 BC, Berbers...

Argentina's Independence Day

Independence of Argentina was declared on July 9, 1816 by the Congress of Tucumán. In reality, the congressmen that were assembled in Tucumán declared the independence of the United Provinces of South America, which is still today one of the legal names of the Argentine Republic. The Federal...

Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party (referred to in its time simply as 'the destruction of the tea' or by other informal names and not celebrated until half a century later,) was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, a city in the British colony of Massachusetts, against the tax policy of the...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet