Independence Day of Eritrea

The Independence Day of Eritrea is one of the most important public holidays in the country. It is observed on May 24 every year. On this day in 1991, Eritrean People's Liberation Front forces moved into the capital Asmara, reinstating independence, following a 30-year-long battle against the Ethiopian military regime. Eritrea Independence Day is a public holiday, with workers given a day off from work.

Eritrea Independence Day is observed throughout the country. However, the most wonderful spot to be is in Asmara, the national capital. In this city, the 1991 triumph is observed with cultural programs in Bahti Meskerem and Cinema Odeon spanning one week, carnival on the principal avenues of Asmara, community banquets, live music programs on Harnet Avenue, and a lively observation at the Asmara Stadium on May 24.

Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea,is a country in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is the Italian form of the Greek name ErythraĆ­a, meaning "red-land". With its capital at Asmara, it is bordered by Sudan to the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the east. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea, across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.

Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups. It has a population of around six million inhabitants. Most residents speak Afro-Asiatic languages, either of the Semitic or Cushitic branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinya make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam.