- February 21 -

International Mother Language Day

The International Mother Language Day (IMLD) was proclaimed by the General Conference of UNESCO in November 1999. It has been celebrated since 2000 to promote all the languages of the world. This Day represents an effective mobilization opportunity for linguistic diversity and...

International Mother Language Day

The International Mother Language Day (IMLD) was proclaimed by the General Conference of UNESCO in November 1999. It has been celebrated since 2000 to promote all the languages of the world. This Day represents an effective mobilization opportunity for linguistic diversity and multilingualism.

International Mother Language Day originated as the international recognition of Language Movement Day, which has been commemorated in Bangladesh since 1952, when a number of students including the students of the University of Dhaka and Dhaka Medical College were killed by the Pakistani police in Dhaka during the Bengali Language Movement protests.

On 21 March 1948, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the Governor General of Pakistan, declared that Urdu would be the only official language for both the western part of Pakistan, popularly and later officially called West Pakistan, and East Bengal (from 1956, East Pakistan, today Bangladesh). The population of the eastern and western regions of the Dominion of Pakistan were nearly equal, the population of East Bengal being somewhat greater. Urdu was spoken by only 7.05% people of the West Pakistan (cf. Languages of Pakistan) whereas Bengali was mother language of most of the people of East Bengal (cf. Bangladesh). The East Bengali population protested against this. On 21 February 1952, (8th Falgun 1358 in the Bengali calendar), students in the capital city of Dhaka called for a provincial strike. The government invoked a limited curfew to prevent this and the protests were tamed down so as to not break the curfew. The Pakistani police fired on the students despite these peaceful protests and a number of students and other people were killed. Four of the students were Abdus Salam, Rafiq Uddin Ahmed, Abul Barkat and Abdul Jabbar.
Source:
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/themes/cultural-diversity/languages-and-multilingualism/international-mother-language-day/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Mother_Language_Day

Categories:

You may also like...

Interesting events from Literature category.

World Braille Day

The 4th of January is World Braille Day, as it is the birthday of Louis Braille, the Frenchman who invented the code in 1821. Braille helps to provide equal opportunity for many blind people worldwide. Louis Braille was born in France. At the age of 3, he accidentally became blind. However,...

World Storytelling Day

World Storytelling Day is a global celebration of the art of oral storytelling. It is celebrated every year on the spring equinox in the northern hemisphere, the first day of autumn equinox in the southern. On World Storytelling Day, as many people as possible tell and listen to stories in as many...

World Theatre Day

World Theatre Day was created in 1961 by the International Theatre Institute (ITI). It is celebrated annually on the 27th March by ITI Centres and the international theatre community. Various national and international theatre events are organized to mark this occasion. One of the most important of...

International Children's Book Day

International Children's Book Day (ICBD) is celebrated to inspire a love of reading and to call attention to children's books. Founded in 1967, the day is observed on or around Hans Christian Andersen's birthday, April 2. During International Children's Book Day there will be a number of...

International Pashto Language Day

Over 65-Million people speak Pashto as their mother-tongue, and will be joining together to raise awareness of their common cultural roots, and to raise awareness of the importance of the heritage of retaining the mother-tongue. International Pashto Language Day aims to promote linguistic and...

Clerihew Day

July 10 is Clerihew Day, named for English author Edmund Clerihew Bentley and taking place on his birthday. A day recognized in remembrance of Edmund Clerihew Bentley, journalist and author of the celebrated detective thriller Trent’s Last Case, but perhaps best known for his invention of a...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet