- February 21 -

International Mother Language Day

The International Mother Language Day (IMLD) was proclaimed by the General Conference of UNESCO in November 1999. It has been celebrated since 2000 to promote all the languages of the world. This Day represents an effective mobilization opportunity for linguistic diversity and...

International Mother Language Day

The International Mother Language Day (IMLD) was proclaimed by the General Conference of UNESCO in November 1999. It has been celebrated since 2000 to promote all the languages of the world. This Day represents an effective mobilization opportunity for linguistic diversity and multilingualism.

International Mother Language Day originated as the international recognition of Language Movement Day, which has been commemorated in Bangladesh since 1952, when a number of students including the students of the University of Dhaka and Dhaka Medical College were killed by the Pakistani police in Dhaka during the Bengali Language Movement protests.

On 21 March 1948, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the Governor General of Pakistan, declared that Urdu would be the only official language for both the western part of Pakistan, popularly and later officially called West Pakistan, and East Bengal (from 1956, East Pakistan, today Bangladesh). The population of the eastern and western regions of the Dominion of Pakistan were nearly equal, the population of East Bengal being somewhat greater. Urdu was spoken by only 7.05% people of the West Pakistan (cf. Languages of Pakistan) whereas Bengali was mother language of most of the people of East Bengal (cf. Bangladesh). The East Bengali population protested against this. On 21 February 1952, (8th Falgun 1358 in the Bengali calendar), students in the capital city of Dhaka called for a provincial strike. The government invoked a limited curfew to prevent this and the protests were tamed down so as to not break the curfew. The Pakistani police fired on the students despite these peaceful protests and a number of students and other people were killed. Four of the students were Abdus Salam, Rafiq Uddin Ahmed, Abul Barkat and Abdul Jabbar.
Source:
http://www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/themes/cultural-diversity/languages-and-multilingualism/international-mother-language-day/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Mother_Language_Day

Categories:

You may also like...

Interesting events from Literature category.

Science Fiction Day

Science Fiction Day is unofficially celebrated by many science fiction fans on January 2, a date that was chosen to correspond with the official birthdate of famed science fiction writer Isaac Asimov.   Isaac Asimov Isaac Asimov was born Isaak...

Robinson Crusoe Day

Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on 25 April 1719. This first edition credited the work's fictional protagonist Robinson Crusoe as its author, and was published under the considerably longer original title The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of...

Dr. Seuss Day

Theodor Seuss Geisel ( March 2, 1904 – September 24, 1991) was an American writer, poet, and cartoonist most widely known for his children's books written under the pen names Dr. Seuss, Theo LeSieg and, in one case, Rosetta Stone. Geisel published 46 children's books, which were often...

International Francophonie Day

The International Francophonie Day is being celebrated March 20 as it is every year throughout the world and especially in the 77 member countries of the International Organization of "La Francophonie". This date commemorates the signing on March 20, 1970, of the Niamey Convention which resulted in...

World Intellectual Property Day

World Intellectual Property Day is sometimes referred as World IP Day. World Intellectual Property Day is observed annually on 26 April. The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000 to 'raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and...

International Stuttering Awareness Day (ISAD)

October 22 was designated International Stuttering Awareness Day (ISAD) in 1998. The day is intended to raise public awareness of the millions of people – one per cent of the world's population – who have the speech disorder of stuttering, also known as stammering. In 1988, United States...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet