- March 6 -

Sofia Kovalevskaya Math Day

Today we are celebrate the life of Sofia Kovalevskaya and the contributions she made to mathmatics. 
 This holiday is also a grant-making program of the Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM), funding workshops which encourage girls to explore mathematics. 
 <strong>Sofia Vasilyevna...

Sofia Kovalevskaya Math Day

Today we are celebrate the life of Sofia Kovalevskaya and the contributions she made to mathmatics.

This holiday is also a grant-making program of the Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM), funding workshops which encourage girls to explore mathematics.

Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya
Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya (15 January /O.S. 3 January/ 1850 – 10 February /O.S. 29 January/ 1891) was the first major Russian female mathematician, responsible for important original contributions to analysis, differential equations and mechanics, and the first woman appointed to a full professorship in Northern Europe. She was also one of the first women to work for a scientific journal as an editor.
There are several alternative transliterations of her name. She herself used Sophie Kowalevski (or occasionally Kowalevsky), for her academic publications. After moving to Sweden, she called herself Sonya.

Her doctoral dissertation, "On the Theory of Partial Differential Equations," dealt with a rather general system of differential equations of the first order in any number of variables. Weierstrass had already given an analogous structure for total equations; Sonya's paper extended this to partial differential equations. This is a remarkable contribution which was published in Crelle's Journal in 1875. These results are still of importance today and relevant in finding solutions to differential equations with initial conditions, this is known as the Cauchy problem. What follows is a modern version of what is commonly known as the Cauchy-Kovalevskaya Theorem.

The high point of Sonya's career came on Christmas Eve of 1888, when she was presented the famous Prix Bordin of the French Academy of Sciences in recognition of her winning memoir On the Problem of the Rotation of a Solid Body about a Fixed Point. The rules of the competition for such prizes dictated that each entry be submitted anonymously. The author's name was sealed into an envelope bearing the same motto as that inscribed on the memoir, and the envelope was not to be opened until after the competing work won the prize. So when the jury of the Academy chose Sonya's entry, it was in utter ignorance that the winner was a women. The excellence of her entry was judged to be so exceptional that the value of the prize was increased from 3,000 francs to 5,000 francs "on account of the quite extraordinary service rendered to mathematical physics by this work." Incidentally, the motto on Sonya's prize-winning essay was "Say what you know, do what you must, come what may."

Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sofia_Kovalevskaya
http://www.pdmi.ras.ru/EIMI/2000/sofia/SKpaper.html

Categories:

More holidays on this day:

Dentist Day

You may also like...

Interesting events from Science category.

Bunsen Burner Day

Bunsen Burner Day is a holiday that commemorates the date of birth of the inventor of the Bunsen Burner. While not enjoying the status of being considered a major holiday in any country or group of countries, Bunsen Burner Day has been observed for a number of years. The holiday occurs on the same...

Sally Ride Day

Sally Ride Day is a day that honors the first American woman to go into outer space. Sally Ride Day is celebrated on this day, because Sally Kristen Ride was born on May 26, 1951. Dr.Ride joined NASA in 1978, and on June 18, 1983, she became the first American woman in space as a crew member on...

'Missing' neutrinos found

On 18 June 2001, the first scientific results of Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) were published, bringing the first clear evidence that neutrinos oscillate (i.e. that they can transmute into one another), as they travel in the sun. This oscillation in turn implies that neutrinos have non-zero...

Asteroid Day

Asteroid Day is a global movement to protect our earth from asteroids. Asteroid Day aims to raise awareness of the threats posed by space rocks and eventually help boost the rate of near-Earth asteroid discovery by a factor of 100.
Asteroid Day is held on June 30, the anniversary of the 1908...

World UFO day

World UFO Day is an awareness day for people to gather together and watch the skies for unidentified flying objects. In the past there were two days that were called World UFO day. July 2nd and the 24th of June. The WUFODO (World UFO Day Organization) declared July 2nd to be the official World UFO...

Microsoft Released Windows

On November 10, 1983, at the Plaza Hotel in New York City, Microsoft Corporation formally announced Microsoft Windows, a next-generation operating system that would provide a graphical user interface (GUI) and a multitasking environment for IBM computers. The history of Windows dates back to...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet