- July 21 -

Belgian National Day

Belgium is an ancient and yet still young nation. Belgians were first mentioned about 2,000 years ago (by Julius Caesar in his book on the Gallic Wars). Nevertheless, Belgium was for centuries part of a larger state structure. The independant State of Belgium was born on October 4, 1830.<br...

Belgian National Day

Belgium is an ancient and yet still young nation. Belgians were first mentioned about 2,000 years ago (by Julius Caesar in his book on the Gallic Wars). Nevertheless, Belgium was for centuries part of a larger state structure. The independant State of Belgium was born on October 4, 1830.
Belgian National Day (Dutch: Belgische nationale feestdag; French: Fete nationale belge; German: Belgischer Nationalfeiertag) is the National Day of Belgium celebrated on 21 July each year. It is one of twelve public holidays in Belgium.
The festival's establishment dates to a law of 27 May 1890 and commemorates an event on 21 July 1831 in which Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg swore allegiance to the new Belgian constitution, thus becoming the first 'King of the Belgians'. The king's vow marked the start of the independent state of Belgium under a constitutional monarchy and parliament.

History
In 1830, drawing inspiration from the recent July Revolution in France, the southern provinces of the United Netherlands rebelled against Dutch rule after a period of growing economic and religious disparity and political alienation. The Dutch were forced out of much of the area and Belgium gained de facto independence. A National Congress was created to write a Constitution for the new state.
The Congress decided that the new country would be a constitutional monarchy (associated with political stability) rather a republic, in order to reassure foreign governments and the Belgian middle class who associated republicanism with 'mob rule' in the aftermath of the French Revolution of 1789. The Congress called upon Leopold of Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha, a German nobleman, to be the first King of the Belgians on 4 June 1831.
Accepting the invitation, Leopold travelled to Brussels from England via Calais and De Panne by carriage. On 21 July, the temporary regent Erasme Louis Surlet de Chokier officially relinquished his position and Leopold was crowned King. In the ceremony, Leopold vowed to accept the Constitution drawn up by the National Congress, officially bringing it into force. The 21 July 1831, is therefore a date commonly used by historians to denote the end of the Belgian Revolution and the start of the Kingdom of Belgium.

Events
The day typically starts with a Catholic Te Deum service in Cathedral of Brussels attended by the King and other dignitaries. In the afternoon, the Belgian Army and police are reviewed by the King, and parade past the Royal Palace and around the Parc de Bruxelles. There is a flypast by the airforce. The military, civil defense and emergency services and other government departments typically have stalls in the nearby Place Poelart, Rue de la Régence, Place Royale and surroundings which explain their roles to the public.
Many notable buildings in Brussels that are usually closed are also open to the public on National Day. There are also a variety of entertainments organized for the public, particularly in the city center. In the evening, there is a large fireworks display in the Parc de Bruxelles.
Smaller events occur in towns and cities across Belgium and in Belgian émigré communities abroad.
Source:
http://www.belgium.be/en/about_belgium/country/belgium_in_nutshell/symbols/national_holiday/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgian_National_Day

Categories:

More holidays on this day:

Junk Food Day

You may also like...

Interesting events from History category.

Old Rock Day

This day is completely dedicated to collect different rocks. To make this day more exciting, you can go on a small adventurous trip to hunt for old fossils and rocks or you can simply do different things with rocks at home. Every year on January 7th, people are encouraged to go and dig in their...

Birth of the Modern Automobile

The Benz Patent-Motorwagen (or motorcar), built in 1886, is widely regarded as the first automobile; that is, a vehicle designed to be propelled by a motor. The vehicle was awarded the German patent, number 37435, for which Karl Benz applied on January 29 , 1886. Following...

International Workers' Day

International Workers' Day is a celebration of the international labour movement that occurs on May Day, May 1, a traditional Spring holiday in much of Europe. May 1 is a national holiday in more than 80 countries, and celebrated unofficially in many other countries. In some countries the public...

Feast Day of Joan of Arc

The Feast Day of Joan of Arc is celebrated on May 30th every year which is the anniversary of her death by burning in the old square of Rouen on May 30, 1431. Twenty-five years after her execution, an inquisitorial court authorized by the Pope examined the trial, pronounced her innocent, and...

Women's Equality Day

Women's Equality Day is a day proclaimed each year by the United States President to commemorate the granting of the vote to women throughout the country on an equal basis with men. Women in the United States were granted the right to vote on August 26, 1920, when the 19th Amendment to the United...

Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party (referred to in its time simply as 'the destruction of the tea' or by other informal names and not celebrated until half a century later,) was a political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, a city in the British colony of Massachusetts, against the tax policy of the...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet