- February 11 -

Foundation Day in Japan

National Foundation Day is a national holiday in Japan celebrated annually on February 11, celebrating the foundation of Japan and the accession of its first Emperor, Emperor Jimmu. 
 The origin of National Foundation Day is New Year's Day in the traditional lunisolar calendar. On that day,...

Foundation Day in Japan

National Foundation Day is a national holiday in Japan celebrated annually on February 11, celebrating the foundation of Japan and the accession of its first Emperor, Emperor Jimmu.

The origin of National Foundation Day is New Year's Day in the traditional lunisolar calendar. On that day, the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu was celebrated based on Nihonshoki, which states that Emperor Jimmu ascended to the throne on the first day of the first month.
In the Meiji period, the Japanese government designated the day as a national holiday. This coincided with the switch from the lunisolar calendar to the Gregorian calendar in 1873. In 1872, when the holiday was originally proclaimed,it was January 29 of the Gregorian calendar, which corresponded to Lunar New Year of 1873. Contrary to the government's expectation, this led people to see the day as just Lunar New Year, instead of National Foundation Day. In response, the government moved the holiday to February 11 of the Gregorian calendar in 1873. The government stated that it corresponded to Emperor Jimmu's regnal day but did not publish the exact method of computation.
In its original form, the holiday was named Empire Day . It is thought that the Meiji Emperor may have wanted to establish this holiday to bolster the legitimacy of the imperial family following the abolition of the Tokugawa Shogunate. The national holiday was supported by those who believed that focusing national attention on the emperor would serve a unifying purpose.Publicly linking his rule with the mythical first emperor, Jimmu, and thus Amaterasu, the Meiji Emperor declared himself the one, true ruler of Japan.
With large parades and festivals, in its time, Kigensetsu was considered one of the four major holidays of Japan.
Given its reliance on Shintoism and its reinforcement of the Japanese nobility, Kigensetsu was abolished following World War II. Ironically, February 11 was also the day when General MacArthur approved the draft version of the model Constitution in 1946.
The commemorative holiday was re-established as National Foundation Day in 1966. Though stripped of most of its overt references to the Emperor, National Foundation Day was still a day for expressing patriotism and love of the nation in the 1950s.

In contrast with the events associated with earlier Kigensetsu, celebrations for National Foundation Day are relatively muted. Customs include the raising of Japanese flags and reflection on the meaning of Japanese citizenship. The holiday is still relatively controversial however, and very overt expressions of nationalism or even patriotism are rare.

Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Foundation_Day

Categories:

More holidays on this day:

Make a Friend Day
World Day of the Sick
Iranian Revolution

You may also like...

Interesting events from History category.

Space Shuttle Challenger disaster

The Space Shuttle Challenger disaster occurred on January 28, 1986, when Space Shuttle Challenger (mission STS-51-L) broke apart 73 seconds into its flight, leading to the deaths of its seven crew members. The spacecraft disintegrated over the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of central Florida at...

Snellman Day - Day of Finnishness in Finland

Snellman day is celebrated on the 12th of May, which is the birthday of Johan Vilhelm Snellman, a Finnish philosopher, writer and statesman. In addition, he had a great impact on the role of the Finnish language and for the majority of the Finns, he is the father of the previous currency, the...

Dia de Portugal - Portugal Day

Every 10th day of June, the Portuguese celebrate their national holiday known as Dia de Portugal in the native tongue. The rest of the world recognizes this momentous occasion as Portugal Day. This date commemorates the death of Luís de Camoes (10 June 1580), a significant figure in the...

Flag Day (Argentina)

The Day of the National Flag (in Spanish, Día de la Bandera Nacional) is the holiday dedicated to the Argentine flag and to the commemoration of its creator, Manuel Belgrano. It is celebrated on June 20, the anniversary of Belgrano's death in 1820. This date was designated in...

Independent Day of Pakistan

Suggested by: Samy The Independence Day in Pakistan is celebrated as the day when they got independence from the British rule and emerged as a separate nation. This day is also dedicated to all the martyrs, who risked their life so that they live in a free nation. Their Struggle...

Women's Equality Day

Women's Equality Day is a day proclaimed each year by the United States President to commemorate the granting of the vote to women throughout the country on an equal basis with men. Women in the United States were granted the right to vote on August 26, 1920, when the 19th Amendment to the United...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet