- August 1 -

Swiss National Day

The Swiss National Day (German: Schweizer Bundesfeier; French: Fete nationale Suisse; Italian: Festa nazionale svizzera; Romansh: Fiasta naziunala Svizra) is the national holiday of Switzerland, set on 1 August. It is an official national holiday since 1994, although the day had been suggested for...

Swiss National Day

The Swiss National Day (German: Schweizer Bundesfeier; French: Fete nationale Suisse; Italian: Festa nazionale svizzera; Romansh: Fiasta naziunala Svizra) is the national holiday of Switzerland, set on 1 August. It is an official national holiday since 1994, although the day had been suggested for the celebration of the foundation of the Swiss Confederacy as early as 1889.
The date is inspired by the date of the Federal Charter of 1291, placed in "early August", when "three Alpine cantons swore the oath of confederation, an action which later came to be regarded as the foundation of Switzerland."

The official date of birth of the Old Swiss Confederation is August, 1st 1291. This date can be found on a document of alliance whose age of more than 700 years has been confirmed by radionuclear (C14) analysis recently. It all began with a new transalpine trading route and with three small valleys in central Switzerland that had remained outside the focus of the dukes and kings for a long time.

From the 11th to the 13th centuries, many cities (among them the federal capital Berne, Lucerne, and Fribourg) were founded. Skilled craftsmen specialized in producing high quality goods and trade became more important in a society in which farmers had used to be self-suppliers for centuries. Trade gave also more importance to roads crossing the Alps, a mountain chain with peaks of up to 4000 m (12000 ft) separating central Europe from Italy and the Mediterranean Sea.
At the same time, people from the upper part of Wallis (Rhone valley) developed means to suspend wooden water pipes and catwalks in steep rocks. Some of these people from Wallis wandered east and settled in upper Uri and Graubünden (Grisons) around A.D. 1200. So the Schöllenen canyon in Uri, that had blocked the way from Lake Lucerne to St. Gotthard pass, was overcome by the new technology and a new trade route developed.
Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swiss_National_Day
http://history-switzerland.geschichte-schweiz.ch/old-swiss-confederacy-1291.html

Categories:

More holidays on this day:

World Wide Web Day
World Breastfeeding Day
World Scout Scarf Day

You may also like...

Interesting events from History category.

Amerigo Vespucci Birth Anniversary

Many people have had a great influence upon our world. Some have changed it in a generally good way, such as Abraham Lincoln. Others have affected the world negatively, such as Adolph Hitler. Still others have changed the world thoroughly, their changes resounding through time, such as Christopher...

International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade

The transatlantic slave trade was the largest forced migration in history, and undeniably one of the most inhumane. The extensive exodus of Africans spread to many areas of the world over a 400-year period and was unprecedented in the annals of recorded human history. As a direct result of...

Lidice Day

Anniversary of the razing of the village of Lidice and the massacre of its people by the Nazis on June 10, 1942, in revenge for the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich by Czech agents of the Allies. Lidice Lidice is a village in the Czech Republic just northwest of...

Dia de Portugal - Portugal Day

Every 10th day of June, the Portuguese celebrate their national holiday known as Dia de Portugal in the native tongue. The rest of the world recognizes this momentous occasion as Portugal Day. This date commemorates the death of Luís de Camoes (10 June 1580), a significant figure in the...

Independence Day in U.S.

Independence Day is annually celebrated on July 4 and is often known as 'the Fourth of July'. It is the anniversary of the publication of the declaration of independence from Great Britain in 1776. Patriotic displays and family events are organized throughout the United States. Many people display...

German Unification Day

The Day of German Unity is the legal national holiday and celebrates the German reunification in 1990 as a public holiday. In Berlin, the day is celebrated with a festival around Brandenburg Gate. On the 3rd of October 1990 the former GDR officially joined the Federal Republic of...

Download KeepIn Calendar

Enjoy the interesting stories even on your phone or tablet